The pilot project started in Sweden: a two-kilometer stretch connects the Stockholm-Arlanda airport with the nearest transport hub.
The first in the world route, on which you can charge electric vehicles on the go, appeared in Sweden. This is a two-kilometer section, in the roadbed of which special rails are built. The electric current passes through them by means of a contact that is attached to the connector on the bottom of the electric vehicle.
As reported by The Guardian, in order to recharge the electric car, the driver must connect the cable to the vehicle before commencing traffic. In this case, when the vehicle leaves the “charging” section of the road, this contact will disconnect automatically.
In Sweden, by 2030, they plan to reduce the level of dependence on fossil fuels in the transport sector by 70%. This should help such an electrified road, are already exploring options for expanding the project. And we are talking not only about this state: we are already negotiating with Berlin.
To date, in Sweden, only half a million kilometers of roads, while, according to the founder of the project Hans Zell, the modernization for charging electric cars on the move needs no more than 5% of the roads (of the total). “If we electrify 20,000 km of highway, this, of course, will be enough. The distance between the routes does not exceed 45 km, and electric vehicles are already passing such a stretch of the road without recharging, “he explained.
The construction of one kilometer of this route accounts for about one million euros. According to the authors of the project, such a road will cost 50 times cheaper, compared with the creation of a similar length of the tram line. They believe that such roads will help the development of electric transport, which is not in high demand in the country (in comparison with neighboring Norway) due to a small power reserve and expensive large batteries. With dynamic charging, the batteries may have less capacity, which means that costs will also be reduced.
Let’s note, in the spring of last year in Sweden there were approximately 10 000 electromobiles, whereas in Norway – about 100 000 units. At the same time in the first country there were 3,300 electric stations, and in the second – 9,000 gas stations. The state helps to increase demand: subsidies are allocated to stimulate the market in Sweden, and tax privileges are applied in Norway.
Experts explained that such roads are safe, since electricity is not on the surface. Even if such a route is flooded, it will be possible to walk barefoot and not be afraid of electric shock.
Previously, this technology has already been tested in Sweden, but with the help of overhead power lines that were installed at the level of trucks. Because of this, the electric cars could not be recharged on the go. The current version is suitable for any electric transport.